Home
 

Treatment and Prevention of Stroke


Stroke treatment includes a set of emergency measures, and prolonged recovery period (rehabilitation) carried out in phases. Once the diagnostic examination is finished, doctor chooses a rational therapeutic approach. In patients after stroke the main objective is to prevent the progression of the further brain damage. Providing the stroke is caused by the disturbance of the brain blood supply (Ischemic Stroke), the treatment may involve:

  • Tissue plasminogen activator – this drug is used to ‘dissolve’ blood clot. It is effective if used not later than 3 hours after ischemic stroke occurred. The treatment approach based on the use of this preparation is called Thrombolysis;
  • Drugs that prevent blood from clotting, including anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents;
  • Surgical intervention to restore the lumen of the narrowed carotid artery (carotid endarterectomy).

treatment of stroke

If the stroke is caused by a hemorrhage (Hemorrhagic Stroke), then the treatment may include:

  • Drugs that restore normal blood clotting;
  • Surgical intervention to remove the effused blood or to reduce brain compression;
  • Surgical intervention to restore the integrity of the damaged vessel;
  • Blockade of the bleeding vessel by inserting unique coils into it (endovascular embolization);
  • Drugs that prevent or remove brain edema (swelling of the brain);
  • Placing a special tube into the brain ventricle (a cavity in the brain) to drain excess fluid and reduce intracranial pressure.

Recovery and rehabilitation

Once primary measures are taken, the treatment of stroke is aimed at helping the patient restore his strength, functions and return to independent living. The effect depends on what part of the brain has been damaged and the extent of the damages. If the right part of the brain is affected, then it may influence the movements and sensations of the left side of the body. The damage caused to the left part of the brain can affect the movements of the right side of the patient’s body as well as cause speech disorders. Patients that have suffered a stroke may have problems with breathing, swallowing, balancing and hearing. Loss of vision, intestinal and urinary bladder dysfunction are also possible.
Stroke rehab


Those who have experienced a stroke need individualized rehabilitation treatment. A doctor can help choose a program, taking into consideration the patient’s age, overall health and degree of disability. Lifestyle, interests and priorities, as well as the family of the patient, should be also taken into account. Rehab programs may start before the patient is discharged from the hospital, and continue in hospital rehabilitation departments, free-standing rehabilitation centers or health resorts or at home. The quality of recovery from stroke varies in different people.

Prevention of a Cerebral Circulation Disorder is based on the factors which lead to the condition:

  • Preventing the development and progression of Atherosclerosis It is important to maintain a healthy diet, control blood cholesterol levels, and use anti-cholesterol drugs (only if administered by a doctor) provided that lipid storage disease is diagnosed;
  • Regular physical activity - plays a prominent role in the prevention of obesity, non-insulin dependent diabetes and hypertension;
  • Giving up smoking. Smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and Atherosclerosis, which most commonly lead to strokes;
  • Monitoring, prevention and treatment of such conditions as hypertension diabetes, and blood diseases leading to the formation of blood clots;
  • Coping with stress. Stress raises the risk of stroke by several-fold.

 

 
 
Featured Articles

Can Depression Cause a Heart Attack?

Can Depression Cause a Heart Attack?

Heart disease and depression are both very serious and common conditions. They affect millions of people worldwide, and sometimes occur...

Does living in the mountains improve the health of…

Does living in the mountains improve the health of your heart?

Mountains have always been associated with the idea of strength, beauty and magnificence.  Many people consider mountains a symbol of...

Breathing Exercises for Your Heart

Breathing Exercises for Your Heart

Everyone knows how good morning exercises are for our body and health, but we know very little about the benefits...

Can You Die from a Heart Attack During Sex?

Can You Die from a Heart Attack During Sex?

Sex is an important part of most couple’s relationship and life. Therefore, it is not surprising that some people worry...

Rare Causes of Hypertension

Rare Causes of Hypertension

Most likely you’ve heard about a condition called hypertension or high blood pressure. Nowadays, it is very common in a...

The C-Reactive Protein

The C-Reactive Protein

Blood tests are a great way to learn many things about the patient’s state of health and make a correct...

How do Positive Emotions Impact the Heart?

How do Positive Emotions Impact the Heart?

There are a huge number of factors that determine and impact the heart's wellbeing. These include diet, physical activity, lifestyle,...

Is Our Generation More Susceptible to Heart Diseas…

Is Our Generation More Susceptible to Heart Diseases?

Despite all the advancements of modern medicine, the number of people affected by cardiovascular diseases in developed countries is on...

How Bacterial Pneumonia Damages the Heart

How Bacterial Pneumonia Damages the Heart

Bacterial pneumonia is an infection that affects one or both of the lungs. It creates an inflammation of the alveoli...

The Best Cardio Exercises For Your Heart

The Best Cardio Exercises For Your Heart

What is the driving force behind our lives? Certainly, exercise is one of the things that come to mind. Not...

Are Heart Problems Hereditary?

Are Heart Problems Hereditary?

Heart disease is currently the world's leading cause of death. Heart disease is not just one condition but a combination...

Computers: Can They Harm Your Heart

Computers: Can They Harm Your Heart

Most young and middle-aged people nowadays are working in offices equipped with computers and laptops. These people spend a tremendous...

10 Rules of Life for Patients with Varicose Veins

10 Rules of Life for Patients with Varicose Veins

The term “varicose veins” most commonly refers to the veins in the lower extremities because such veins mostly develop in...

Can Regular Consumption of Coffee and Energy Drink…

Can Regular Consumption of Coffee and Energy Drinks Damage the Heart?

At times, we all feel sleepy, tired, and devoid of energy - right after getting up in the morning, in...

Can Lack of Sleep Cause Heart Disease?

Can Lack of Sleep Cause Heart Disease?

Life in a big city is hectic with everyone hurrying somewhere, always being late and getting stressed due to the...

Are Women Less Susceptible to Heart Disease?

Are Women Less Susceptible to Heart Disease?

It is a well-known fact that women tend to live longer than men1. We may ask what is the reason...


To learn more about Cardiology, we recommend the following websites:

AHA-logoACC logoWHOwhf logowikipedia

ok