Cardiac Rehabilitation Goals
Cardiac rehabilitation (rehab) is comprised of medical programs designed to restore the physical and psychological condition of patients who have recently experienced a cardiac event.
Cardiac rehabilitation targets patients who have experienced:
Cardiac Rehabilitation Aspects
Main aspects of cardiac rehabilitation programs:
- Medical evaluation
Medical evaluation and monitoring of a patient is performed to understand his needs and limits. The rehab team designs a customized rehab program to meet the needs of the patient.
- Physical rehabilitation
Physical rehabilitation is aimed at the restoration of the patient’s physical capacity. Timely and adequate activation of the patient are performed by means of the early administration of movement therapy, followed by exercise therapy, dosed walking, and at the later stages – controlled and no controlled exercises (exercise bike, treadmill).
When Choosing a Rehab Program
The following points are noteworthy:
- Time and place
Is the location of the rehab facilities convenient for you?
Is the facility nearby?
Do they offer flexible schedules?
Is a referral from your doctor required for you to participate in the program?
If yes, will your referring doctor receive rehab progress reports.
Does the rehab facility provide counseling and education services to your family?
That is a significant benefit.
Cardiac Rehabilitation Phases
According to the WHO recommendations cardiac rehabilitation is divided into three main phases: inpatient, outpatient and home programs. The effectiveness of the whole rehab system depends on the successes obtained at every phase.
- Inpatient (acute) phase – a member of the rehab team starts working with the patient while he is still in the hospital. This phase may last from one day and up to 14 days, depending on the condition of the patient.
Its main aim is to restore the patient's physical abilities and psychological condition so that he will be prepared to move to the second phase.